Doxicap 100

Specifications
Company:Renata Limited
Generic:Doxycycline
Price:22tk bd

Introduction

Doxicap 100 is an antibiotic medicine used to treat bacterial infections in your body. It is effective in some infections of the lungs, urinary tract, eyes, and others. It kills bacteria, which helps to improve your symptoms and cure the infection. Doxicap 100 is also used to treat many sexually transmitted diseases and a skin conditions known as acne. It should be taken preferably either one hour before or 2 hours after a meal. You should take it regularly at evenly spaced intervals as per the schedule prescribed by your doctor. Taking it at the same time every day will help you to remember to take it. The dose will depend on what you are being treated for, but you should always complete a full course of this antibiotic as prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop taking it until you have finished, even when you feel better. If you stop taking it early, some bacteria may survive and the infection may come back. Commonly seen side effects seen with this medicine include vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. These are usually temporary and subside with the completion of treatment. Consult your doctor if you find these side effects bother or worry you. Inform your doctor if you have any previous history of allergy to any antibiotic before taking this medicine. You should also let your doctor know all other medicines you are taking as they may affect, or be affected by this medicine. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult their doctor before using it. It may blur your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.

Uses of Doxicap 100

  • Bacterial infections

Side effects of Doxicap 100

Common

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea

How to use Doxicap 100

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Doxicap 100 is to be taken empty stomach. Avoid Doxicap 100 with dairy products such as milk, cheese, curd, butter, paneer, and ice cream.

How Doxicap 100 Works

Doxicap 100 is an antibiotic. It stops bacterial growth by preventing the synthesis of essential proteins required by bacteria to carry out vital functions.

Quick Tips

  • Your doctor has prescribed Doxicap 100 to cure your infection and improve symptoms.
  • Take it with food and plenty of water to avoid stomach upset.
  • Do not skip any doses and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better. Stopping it early may make the infection come back and harder to treat.
  • Take it while you are sitting or standing, to prevent any throat irritation. Do not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking Doxicap 100.
  • Diarrhea may occur as a side effect but should stop when your course is complete. Inform your doctor if it doesn’t stop or if you find blood in your stools.
  • Avoid excessive sun exposure and use sunscreen and protective clothing when outdoors.

Brief Description

Indication

Acne, Susceptible infections, Syphilis, Uncomplicated gonorrhea, Relapsing fever, louse-borne typhus, Scrub typhus

Administration

May be taken with or without food. Take w/ a full glass of water & remain upright for at least ½ hr. Take w/ food or milk if GI irritation occurs.

Adult Dose

Oral Susceptible Infections Adult: 200 mg on day 1 as a single or in divided doses, followed by 100 mg once daily. Severe infections: Maintain the initial dose throughout the course of treatment. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Uncomplicated gonococcal infection of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, Uncomplicated urethral, endocervical, or rectal infection caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Nongonococcal urethritis caused by C. trachomatis and U. urealyticum 100 mg PO q12hr for 7 days

Syphilis (early): Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 100 mg PO BID x 2 weeks Syphilis > 1-year duration: Patients who are allergic to penicillin should be treated with doxycycline 100 mg PO BID x 4 weeks Acute epididymal-orchitis caused by N. gonorrhea or C trachomatis: 100 mg PO BID x least 10 days Acne, Rosacea Adult: 50 mg daily for 6-12 wk. Malaria Indicated for prophylaxis of malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum in short-term travelers (ie, <4 months) to areas with chloroquine and/or pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine resistant strain Prophylaxis: 100 mg PO qDay; begin taking 1-2 days before travel and continue daily during travel and for 4 weeks after traveler leaves malaria infested area Intestinal Amebiasis, Respiratory Tract Infections Indicated for adjunctive therapy to amebicides for acute intestinal amebiasis 100 PO q12hr on day 1, then 100 mg PO qDay Rickettsial Infections Indicated for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus fever and the typhus group, Q fever, rickettsial pox, and tick fevers caused by Rickettsiae 100 PO q12hr on day 1, then 100 mg PO qDay Brucellosis Brucellosis due to Brucella species 100 mg PO twice daily for 6 weeks with rifampin or streptomycin Cholera Indicated for cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae 300 mg PO once; adjunct to fluid and electrolyte replacement Acute Bacteria Rhinosinusitis 200 mg/day PO qDay or divided BID for 5-7 days Anthrax Postexposure prophylaxis: 100 mg PO BID for 60 days Infective Endocarditis Suspected Bartonella infection with a negative culture: 100 mg PO BID x 6 weeks in combination with gentamicin and ceftriaxone Positive culture Bartonella infection: 100 mg PO BID x 6 weeks in combination with gentamicin or rifampin

Child Dose

Children: PO >8 y, <45 kg: 2–4 mg/kg/day q12h

Contraindication

It is contraindicated to patients with known hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines. It is also contraindicated in severe hepatic disorder and patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Concomitant intake of alkalis, antacids, and iron may interfere with the absorption of Doxycycline. It is advisable to avoid giving doxycycline in conjunction with penicillin. Doxycycline should not be used in pregnant women unless, in the judgment of the physician, it is essential for the welfare of the patient.

Mode of Action

Doxycycline inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit. It has bacteriostatic activity against a broad range of gm+ve and gm-ve bacteria.

Precaution

The use of drugs of the tetracycline group during tooth development (last half of pregnancy, infancy, and childhood to the age of 12 years) may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth. Tetracyclines, therefore, should not be used in this age group unless other drugs are not likely to be effective or are contraindicated. Lactation: Enters breast milk; Not recommended

Side Effect

Hypotension, pericarditis, angioneurotic oedema, dyspnoea, serum sickness, peripheral oedema, tachycardia, urticaria, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, porphyria, eosinophilia, brown-black microscopic discoloration of thyroid tissue, headache, bulging fontanelles in infants and benign intracranial HTN in adults, blurring of vision, scotomata, diplopia, tinnitus, abdominal pain, stomatitis, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspepsia, oesophageal ulceration, discoloration of teeth, enamel hypoplasia, transient increases in LFT and BUN, jaundice, pancreatitis, rashes, exfoliative dermatitis, photo-onycholysis, photosensitivity, arthralgia, myalgia, vaginitis. Potentially Fatal: Anaphylactoid reactions, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD), hepatotoxicity.

Pregnancy Category Note

Pregnancy Not studied in pregnant patients; the vast majority of reported experience with doxycycline during human pregnancy is short-term, first trimester exposure; there are no human data available to assess effects of long-term therapy of doxycycline in pregnant women, such as that proposed for treatment of anthrax exposure; it should not be used in pregnant women unless, in judgment of physician, it is essential for welfare of patient; evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy Lactation Tetracyclines are excreted in human milk; however, extent of absorption of tetracyclines, including doxycycline, by breastfed infant is not known; short-term use by lactating women is not necessarily contraindicated; however, effects of prolonged exposure to doxycycline in breast milk are unknown;11 because of potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from doxycycline, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account importance of drug to mother

Interaction

Concomitant use w/ isotretinoin is known to cause pseudotumour cerebri. Prolonged prothrombin time w/ anticoagulants (e.g. warfarin). May interfere w/ the bactericidal action of penicillin. Impaired absorption w/ antacids containing Al, Ca, or Mg, oral Zn, Fe salts, and bismuth preparations. Increased metabolism w/ phenobarbital, carbamazepine, primidone, and phenytoin. Risk of breakthrough bleeding w/ oral contraceptives. Increased plasma concentration of ciclosporin. Decreased half-life w/ hepatic enzyme inducers (e.g. rifampicin). Potentially Fatal: Concurrent use w/ methoxyflurane may result to fatal renal toxicity.

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